Play contributor guidelines

Reporting issues

If you wish to report an issue for Play Framework, please ensure you have done the following things:

When the above guidelines are not followed, a Play integrator may close the issue, directing you to the appropriate forum for further discussion.

Contributing changes


Before making a contribution, it is important to make sure that the change you wish to make and the approach you wish to take will likely be accepted, otherwise you may end up doing a lot of work for nothing. If the change is only small, for example, if it’s a documentation change or a simple bugfix, then it’s likely to be accepted with no prior discussion. However, new features, or bigger refactorings should first be discussed in the Play Framework Forum. Additionally, any issues with the community label have been agreed to be a change that will likely be accepted.


  1. Make sure you have signed the Lightbend CLA; if not, sign it online.
  2. Ensure that your contribution meets the following guidelines:
    1. Live up to the current code standard:
    2. Regardless of whether the code introduces new features or fixes bugs or regressions, it must have comprehensive tests. This includes when modifying existing code that isn’t tested.
    3. The code must be well documented in the Play standard documentation format (see the documentation guidelines.) Each API change must have the corresponding documentation change.
    4. Implementation-wise, the following things should be avoided as much as possible:
      • Global state
      • Public mutable state
      • Implicit conversions
      • ThreadLocal
      • Locks
      • Casting
      • Introducing new, heavy external dependencies
    5. The Play API design rules are the following:
      • Play is a Java and Scala framework, make sure any changes have feature parity in both the Scala and Java APIs.
      • Java APIs should go to core/play/src/main/java, package structure is play.myapipackage.xxxx
      • Scala APIs should go to core/play/src/main/scala, where the package structure is play.api.myapipackage
      • Features are forever, always think about whether a new feature really belongs to the core framework or if it should be implemented as a module
      • Code must conform to standard style guidelines and pass all tests (see Run tests)
    6. New files must:
      • Have a Lightbend copyright header in the style of Copyright (C) 2009-2019 Lightbend Inc. <>.
      • Not use @author tags since it does not encourage Collective Code Ownership.
  3. Ensure that your commits are squashed. See working with git for more information.
  4. Submit a pull request.

If the pull request does not meet the above requirements then the code should not be merged into main, or even reviewed - regardless of how good or important it is. No exceptions.

The pull request will be reviewed according to the implementation decision process.

Backporting policy

Generally, all bug fixes, improvements and new features will go to the main branch. Backports and other commits to stable branches will only be accepted if they meet the following conditions:

All backports and other commits to stable branches, in addition to satisfying the regular contributor guidelines, must also be binary and source compatible with previous releases on that branch. The only exception to this is if a serious bug is impossible to fix without breaking the API, for example, a particular feature is not possible to use due to flaws in the API.