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Manage application.conf in several environments

When you work in a team, different developers will use different configuration keys in their application.conf. For example, the log level, some database configuration… This generally leads to recurrent conflicts when you commit the file using your VCS.

Furthermore, different deployment environments – e.g. dev, test, staging and production – need different configurations.

The framework ID

To resolve this problem, Play allows you to give an ID to each framework installation. Use the play tool’s id command to define this ID:

play id

You can then prefix your configuration keys with the framework ID for which the configuration option is intended: app
# Configuration for gbo
# Configuration for src
# Production configuration

Setting the framework ID from the command line

You can specify the framework ID to use for a particular command directly from the command line. For example to run an application in production mode you can use:

play run --%production

with these lines defined in the application.conf file:


It should be compatible with all commands using the framework ID information. The default ID is still defined using the play id command.

By the way, play test is then equivalent to:

play run --%test

Continuing the discussion

Now we shall move on to Testing the application.