Documentation

§Messages and internationalization

§Specifying languages supported by your application

You specify languages for your application using language tags, specially formatted strings that identify a specific language. Language tags can specify simple languages, such as “en” for English, a specific regional dialect of a language (such as “en-AU” for English as used in Australia), a language and a script (such as “az-Latn” for Azerbaijani written in Latin script), or a combination of several of these (such as “zh-cmn-Hans-CN” for Chinese, Mandarin, Simplified script, as used in China).

To start you need to specify the languages supported by your application in the conf/application.conf file:

play.i18n.langs = [ "en", "en-US", "fr" ]

These language tags will be validated used to create Lang instances. To access the languages supported by your application, you can inject a Langs instance into your component.

§Externalizing messages

You can externalize messages in the conf/messages.xxx files.

The default conf/messages file matches all languages. Additionally you can specify language-specific message files such as conf/messages.fr or conf/messages.en-US.

You can then retrieve messages using the play.api.i18n.Messages object:

val title = Messages("home.title")

All internationalization API calls take an implicit play.api.i18n.Messages argument retrieved from the current scope. This implicit value contains both the language to use and (essentially) the internationalized messages.

The simplest way to get such an implicit value is to use the I18nSupport trait. For instance you can use it as follows in your controllers:

import javax.inject.Inject
import play.api.i18n.I18nSupport
class MyController @Inject()(val messagesApi: MessagesApi) extends Controller with I18nSupport {
  // ...

The I18nSupport trait gives you an implicit Messages value as long as there is a Lang or a RequestHeader in the implicit scope.

Note: If you have a RequestHeader in the implicit scope, it will use the preferred language extracted from the Accept-Language header and matching one of the MessagesApi supported languages. You should add a Messages implicit parameter to your template like this: @()(implicit messages: Messages).

Note: Also, Play “knows” out of the box how to inject a MessagesApi value (that uses the DefaultMessagesApi implementation), so you can just annotate your controller with the @javax.inject.Inject annotation and let Play automatically wire the components for you.

§Messages format

Messages are formatted using the java.text.MessageFormat library. For example, assuming you have message defined like:

files.summary=The disk {1} contains {0} file(s).

You can then specify parameters as:

Messages("files.summary", d.files.length, d.name)

§Notes on apostrophes

Since Messages uses java.text.MessageFormat, please be aware that single quotes are used as a meta-character for escaping parameter substitutions.

For example, if you have the following messages defined:

info.error=You aren''t logged in!
example.formatting=When using MessageFormat, '''{0}''' is replaced with the first parameter.

you should expect the following results:

Messages("info.error") == "You aren't logged in!"
Messages("example.formatting") == "When using MessageFormat, '{0}' is replaced with the first parameter."

§Retrieving supported language from an HTTP request

You can retrieve the languages supported by a specific HTTP request:

def index = Action { request =>
  Ok("Languages: " + request.acceptLanguages.map(_.code).mkString(", "))
}

Next: Dependency injection


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